Five steps to the moon and back: Boeing announces lunar landing plan to transport astronauts on the last leg of the moon journey in as few steps as possible
- NASA plans to send a manned mission to the lunar surface in early 2024
- 50 years ago Neil Armstrong became the first man on the moon
- Boeing is one of several companies competing to build the lunar module.
- Elon Musk's SpaceX and Jeff Bezo's Blue Origin are thought to be
Boeing launched its project for a new lunar landing module that could take astronauts from orbit around the moon to the surface and back in just five main stages.
It's been 50 years since man was on the moon's surface, and in the next decade, humanity will return as part of NASA's Artemis mission.
Aerospace giant Boeing is one of 11 companies hoping to win the contract to build the spacecraft that will form the crucial stage of astronaut laying on the surface in 2024.
The Human Lander System would go into orbit and then find astronauts on NASA's Orion spacecraft before taking the crew to the lunar surface. This artist print shows the orbiting lander.
After the Artemis mission team completed their exploration of the lunar surface, they would take off from the moon into the Lunar Lander's Ascension Element, as seen in this artist concept. The Descending Element remains on the moon as it would no longer be necessary
The company says its approach would allow a manned moon landing with only five critical events, instead of the 11 or so required by alternative strategies.
Boeing's Jim Chilton said: “We've developed a" Less Steps to the Moon "approach that minimizes mission complexity by providing the safest and most direct path to the lunar surface. "
The Artemis project aims to land the first woman and the next man on the moon by 2024 and then establish sustainable missions by 2028.
In Greek mythology, Artemis was the moon goddess and twin sister of Apollo. NASA says the name & # 39; personifies our path to the lunar surface by 2024 & # 39 ;.
It's been 50 years since three brave men (pictured Buzz Aldrin) stepped on the moon – and, according to NASA, our return is coming. Space agency officials are now aiming at the last half of 2024 for when humans will land near the moon's south pole
Blue Origin, the rocket company owned by Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon, is one of the other companies bidding for the lunar landing contract.
They are competing against others, including Northrop Grumman, who built the original Apollo 11 lander and Elon Musk's SpaceX.
Artemis will see NASA's new rocket, known as the Space Launch System (SLS), send astronauts orbiting the moon aboard the Orion spacecraft.
They will dock Orion at the & # 39; Lunar Gateway & # 39; – a space station that NASA plans to orbit around the moon by 2022 – where they will live and work.
They will expedite the Gateway to the moon's surface using the new lunar module.
Boeing says that unlike other proposals, your lander can dock directly with Orion or Gateway, eliminating the need for additional spacecraft.
The Artemis project aims to land the first woman and next man on the moon by 2024 and then establish sustainable missions by 2028. It involved the creation of a host of new technologies, including this new space suit for surface astronauts.
The goal is set to give NASA more time to complete projects needed for a successful mission. SLS and Orion (conceptual design) were expected to be ready for their first unmanned test flight in 2024.
It can also transport itself from the lunar orbit to the surface of the moon without an additional transfer stage or "space pull".
NASA plans to offer companies initial contracts for the design and development of $ 1 billion landing prototypes by December 2019, with full development contracts offered later.
There will be two landing contracts available. One to create a lander for the 2024 mission and one for long-term sustainable landings from 2028.
NASA's Artemis mission includes plans for long-term sustainable lunar exploration, including the creation of a Gateway orbiting moon station, as seen in this diagram. NASA says it will allow astronauts to study and explore the lunar surface
Boeing said its approach would provide NASA "the best return on its investment."
He also said it would provide the simplest and most likely way to return to the lunar surface to the 2024 target.
Who went to the moon?
In total, twelve people walked on the moon.
1 + 2. Apollo 11 – July 21, 1969
Neil Armstrong made history by becoming the first person to set foot on the moon.
Edwin & # 39; Buzz & # 39; Aldrin followed Neil Armstrong to the moon's surface. His popular nickname was given to the animated character Buzz Lightyear.
3 + 4. Apollo 12 – 19 and 20 November 1969
Pete Conrad and Alan Bean were the moon walkers on the Apollo 12 mission.
The Apollo 12 crew suffered two lightning bolts shortly after the launch of the Saturn V rocket.
5 + 6. Apollo 14 – February 5, 1971
Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell, who were part of the Apollo 14 mission. They were launched on January 31, 1971 and landed in the Fra Mauro Moon region, the original destination of Apollo 13.
7 + 8. Apollo 15 – July 31, 1971
David Scott and James Irwin landed on the moon and stayed for three days until August 2.
9 + 10. Apollo 16 – April 21, 1972
John Young and Charles Duke were the next men to walk on the moon. When the crew reached lunar orbit, the mission almost had to be aborted due to a problem in the main mechanism of the command / service module.
11 + 12. Apollo 17 – December 11, 1972
The final people to walk on the moon were Eugene (Gene) Cernan and Harrison (Jack) Schmitt.
Before leaving the moon, Cernan scratched his daughter Tracy's initials in the lunar regolith. Since the moon does not experience weather conditions such as wind or rain to erode anything, its initials must remain there for a long time.
All the men who were on the moon
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