Brazil surpassed Mexico and climbed to 9th place in the list of countries sending most students to the United States. In the 2018-2019 school year, 16,059 Brazilians were enrolled in courses from educational institutions in the United States. The figure represents a 9.8% increase from the previous year, but is still below the record of 23,675 in the 2014-2015 school year (read below).
The data are from the Open Doors report, released annually by the Institute of International Education (IIE) and the US Department of State.
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Brazil is the 9th largest country sending students to the USA
According to the report, released in late November, 1,095,299 foreigners were studying in the United States in the school year that ended in mid-2019. This is a historic record, says the IIE. The number represents 5.5% of the total number of college students in the country, and contributed $ 44.7 billion (about $ 180 billion) to the American economy in 2018.
Of this total, 52% are citizens of China and India. China, which ten years ago took the position of country with the highest number of exchange students in the United States, alone accounted for almost 370,000 students, or a third of the total.
Exchange Students in the United States – TOP 25
Position Country Total students 1st China 369,548 2nd India 202,014 3rd South Korea 52,250 4th Saudi Arabia 37,080 5th Canada 26.122 6th Vietnam 24.392 7th Japan 23.109 9th BRAZIL 16.059 10th Mexico 15.229 11th Nigeria 13.423 12th Nepal 13.229 13th United Kingdom 12.142 14th United Kingdom 11,146 15th Turkey 10,159 16th Kuwait 9,195 17th Germany 9,191 18th France 8,716 19th Indonesia Indonesia 8,356 20th Bangladesh 8,249 21st Colombia 8,060 22nd Pakistan 7,957 23rd Venezuela 7,760 24th Malaysia 7,709 25th Spain 7,262
Since 2015, the only move in the "top 10" of countries with the most students enrolled in the US has been Brazil's climb from 10th to 9th position.
The country was highlighted by Marie Royce, US Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs. "Emerging market countries showed some of the strongest growth year after year, especially Bangladesh (up 10%), Brazil (9.8%), Nigeria (5.8%) and Pakistan (5.6%)," he said. she.
However, despite the second year of consecutive growth, Brazil has not yet recovered from the fall between 2014 and 2016, when the number of Brazilian exchange students enrolled in American higher education fell 44.7%, from 23,675 to 13,089.
Over the past decade, data from the Open Doors report show a greater variation in the number of Brazilians in the US than the opposite: Americans choosing to study in Brazil.
Compare the number of Brazilians studying in the USA and the number of Americans studying in Brazil in the last decade – Photo: Ana Carolina Moreno / G1
The most sought after courses
According to IIE, more than half of international students pursuing degrees at an American university enroll in careers known as STEM, which stands for science, technology, engineering, and math courses.
In the academic year 2018-2019, this percentage was 51.6% and, according to the report, one of the reasons is that the US government allows foreign citizens with diploma in these courses to have a longer visa to seek employment in the country. .
"Policy changes that allow STEM students to stay in the United States for 36 months after completing their studies for Optional Practical Training (OPT) opportunities are likely to continue to encourage students to increase these programs, from 9 6% to 223,085, "the institute said.
See what are the most sought after levels of foreign students enrolled in the United States – Photo: Ana Carolina Moreno / G1