Researchers found that the gold piece found was made between 1519 and 1520, at which time the gold objects of the Aztec treasure were cast into bars to facilitate their transport to Europe.
A 1.93 kilogram gold bar found in 1981 in a park in the Mexican capital was part of the Aztec war estate that Hernán Cortés and the Spanish conquerors took with them during their temporary escape from Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City, in 1520 according to study conducted by the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico.
The origin of the gold bar, found by a worker during the construction of a building in the capital, has been a mystery for nearly 40 years, until experts used the X-ray fluorescence technique, thus confirming that gold was part of treasure that the conquerors tried to take during "Sad Night", when the Mexican army defeated Hernán Cortés and his allies.
AFP 2019 / JESUS VALDOVINOS
The 1.93 kilogram gold bar found in 1981 in a Mexico City park
On the night of June 30 to July 1, 1520, the Aztecs, enraged by the slaughter of their nobles and priests at the hands of the Spanish, defeated Cortes and his soldiers during the evacuation of Tenochtitlan.
The researchers found that this piece of precious metal was made between 1519 and 1520, when gold objects from the Aztec treasure were cast into bars to bring to Europe.
Researcher Leonardo López Luján pointed out that "this ingot is a key piece" in the puzzle of this historical event, as it coincides with Bernal Díaz del Castillo's description of the 'golden stones' obtained from the founding of the 'Treasure of the Ancestors' of Moctezuma ".