Increasingly common in large cities, electric scooters have become a worldwide fever. In Brazil, it's no different – and it's not just the smaller ones offered by sharing companies that are successful.
Larger models are also becoming popular. Are those scooters similar to Santos coach, Argentine Jorge Sampaoli, who viralized when being seen driving around the city of São Paulo coast with the vehicle.
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But it's not just buying a scooter and riding around with it. Depending on the weight supported, speed achieved and power of the electric motor, the vehicle can be classified as cycle electric or even motorcycle, requiring driver license and driver qualification over 18 years in categories A or ACC to drive it.
Electric scooters and scooters of all kinds are being sold by various stores, physical, or on the internet. Prices vary, but may exceed $ 10,000.
Some establishments even recommend their products to teens. Others go further. On the website of one of the stores consulted, it appears that a particular model "can be piloted by children from 10 years – duly accompanied by parents or older people". The establishment further emphasizes that it does not need "any kind of habilitation to have fun with the Scooter".
Electric scooter can not be larger than wheelchair to run without plywood – Photo: Playback / TV Globo
However, the law says something else.
Two resolutions of the National Traffic Council, Contran, regulate scooters and scooters.
Resolution 465 of 2013 sets the parameters for so-called self-propelled personal mobility equipment.
It provides that vehicles whose measurements are equal to or smaller than wheelchairs, according to NBR 9050/2004, do not need to be plated, and can be driven by anyone.
To do so, they must be up to 1.15 meters long, 70 cm wide and 92.5 cm high.
In addition, this type of vehicle can run on sidewalks, provided the speed is up to 6 km / h, or on cycle lanes and lanes with a speed limited to 20 km / h. Finally, safety equipment such as doorbell, speedometer and lighting are required.
See what the Traffic Code on scooters says – Photo: Rodrigo Sanches / G1
What if the vehicle is larger than a wheelchair?
Then it can still be framed as cycle-electric, a moped equivalent. To do this, you must follow the parameters below:
- top speed up to 50 km / h
- maximum weight (vehicle plus driver) up to 140 kg
- power up to 4 kW
Need a license?
Electric scooter can run on bike lanes as long as it is smaller than a wheelchair – Photo:
“If you do not follow the parameters, you are not in the situation of self-propelled equipment. Then it requires plating and CNH to be able to be driven, ”said Rosan chairman of the São Paulo OAB Transit Commission.
In this case, the scooter must be licensed in addition to the requirement to enable ACC or A types to be driven.
Now, if it has superior technical data to those mentioned above, it ends up being classified as motorcycle. Then, in addition to licensing and licensing, it is subject to the same rules as “conventional” bikes.
The G1 consulted with the National Traffic Department, Denatran. In a statement, the agency stated that "small electric vehicles such as bicycles, scooters and scooters are not yet regulated by the Brazilian Traffic Code (CTB), but the subject has been the subject of studies by Denatran."
The note also says the agency has debated “classification by vehicle types, registration and licensing; the qualification requirements; and the definitions concerning the movement of such transport, among other points. "
The Denatran also stated that it is up to the state and municipal agencies to regulate this type of vehicle, but that resolution 465 should be followed.
Asked whether even cyclo-electric vehicles remain unregulated despite the resolutions, Denatran confirmed the information.