The United Kingdom holds general elections on Thursday (12), called because current Prime Minister Boris Johnson believes that Parliament needs to be renewed to end a deadlock over Brexit, the process of leaving the United Kingdom from the Union. European
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Voting starts at 7am local time (4am GMT) and is scheduled to end at 10pm (7pm GMT). Most of the results are expected to be released on Friday (13).
Johnson hopes that with more lawmakers in his favor, it will be easier to close the European bloc's exit agreement.
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The YouGov institute indicated that conservatives are on their way to winning 339 of the 650 seats in the House of Commons, or 43% of the vote, and Labor 231 seats, or 34% of the vote.
Before being dissolved on November 6, Parliament had 298 Conservatives and 243 Labor.
UK is counting down to December general election
Four elections in four years
These are the fourth general elections in four years, and about 46 million voters go to the polls in the United Kingdom.
The latest were in 2017, when the prime minister was Theresa May. She hoped to increase the number of conservatives in Parliament, which would make it easier to approve her Brexit plans. Did not work. The bench declined, and May resigned in May 2019 (she was still in office until July).
The Conservative Party then chose Boris Johnson to fill the post, but he did not go through a general election.
Polls suggest that he will be the winner. Labor, whose leader is Jeremy Corbyn, is second.
Jeremy Corbyn during his final campaign event on December 11, 2019 – Photo: Henry Nicholls / Reuters
However, both parties are tense over the volatility of the electorate, which is tired of the way the Brexit soap opera has been dragging on for over three years – by June 2016, most Britons decided to leave the bloc.
This year's election has been called by the British media “Brexit Election” –Johnson has made leaving the European Union the main theme, not least by repeating the “Get Brexit Done” slogan incessantly.
He said he would ratify a divorce agreement that is in the oven with the European Union and take the country out of the bloc on Jan. 31 if his party gets the majority of 650 seats in parliament.
"If we get a majority in practice, we will have a deal that is ready," he said on Wednesday at a campaign event where he cooked pies.
As a slogan, “Brexit at once” is effective, but inaccurate: If the UK leaves the European Union on January 31, it will be the beginning of months or years of negotiations on trade relations with the bloc.
“His campaign was about liquidating Brexit, but in fact it would be starting Brexit; Elections seem to suggest that this is simple, but it is not, ”said Tony Travers, a professor of public administration at the London School of Economics.
"Brexit gives the fuel for these elections," says Allan Bailey, a councilman in a coal-mining village in central England.
Conservatives try to win new districts
Conservatives have struggled to win in working-class districts in central and northern England that traditionally elect Labor Party parliamentarians, but in 2016 voted hard to leave the European Union.
Research suggests that the tactic will work. Conservatives were supported by the Brexit party of leader Nigel Farage. In order not to divide the voters who support the exit of the economic bloc, they stopped competing in 317 districts.
The Labor Party is mostly pro-European Union and is not the only one trying to win votes from voters who are opposed to leaving the bloc.
The following parties are also competing:
- Liberal Democratic Party (center)
- Scottish Party (Nationalist)
- Welsh Party (Nationalist)
In addition to other associations that have less representation.
Johnson hid in a fridge
Johnson, 55, is a graduate of Oxford University, one of the most traditional in the world, and famous for being messy – he wears misfit clothes and hairstyles and has mannerisms in speaking.
On Wednesday (11), a reporter asked him to go live with a television news anchor. He then hid in a cold chamber. He also appeared making a pie, handling a fish and delivering milk.
For the campaign, Boris Johnson made a visit to a Grimsby fish market on December 9, 2019 – Photo: Ben Stansall / Pool via Reuters
His tenure so far has been marred by legal and parliamentary defeats and by having managed to negotiate a Brexit agreement with the European Union.
He has avoided talking about the prolonged effects of leaving the economic bloc. The campaign has been marred by brief messages to prevent him from having to explain himself in the future.
During the campaign, he controlled himself to keep from brief messages. He focused his efforts on constituencies where Labor has traditionally won.
The campaign was described by the New York Times as monotonous because of its monothematics.
Corbyn, the socialist who makes his own jams
Jeremy Corbyn, 70, is a veteran activist who has been linked to movements of little political expression for decades.
If he wins, he will be the UK's leftist prime minister – if that does happen, however, he is likely to lead a minority government, which implies the need to negotiate with other grassroots parties.
Jeremy Corbyn during the Carlisle campaign on December 10, 2019 – Photo: Andrew Yates / Reuters
His leadership in the Labor Party is marked by many factions and the accusation that he tolerated anti-Semitism in his membership. A leading United Kingdom rabbi, Ephraim Mirvis, was one of those who said so.
Leaked in the British press a document from a 70-testimony Jewish labor movement that concluded that the party is no longer a safe space for people of religion. Corbyn was slow to apologize openly.
The leader has always faced resistance from newspapers, magazines and TVs across the country in a press environment dominated by right-wing tabloids.
However, British law requires the media to give applicants a large coverage space, and he benefited from it in 2017.
Although he had a far-left history, he had a grandfather figure who was gardening in his own backyard, pedaling for work, and making his own jams. His socialist speech was successful with younger audiences. He avoided in 2017 the theme of Brexit.
Over the next two years, however, the excitement cooled.
The theme of leaving still dominates British politics. The Labor Party wants a new agreement with Europe and then submit that text to a referendum.