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Voting lines were 29 percent LONGER in black neighborhoods during 2016 election,…

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Voting lines were 29 percent LONGER in black neighborhoods during 2016 election,...

Political scientists were outraged by the waiting time for the polls, but a new study revealed that this is not only an inconvenience – it is also a civil rights issue.

By comparing the location data of 10 million smartphones with 93,000 polling stations in the US, the researchers found that those in predominantly black neighborhoods expected 29 percent more than those who lived in mostly white areas.

The & # 39; pings & # 39; Smartphones were collected about 200 miles from each polling place during the 2016 presidential election and combined with demographic data to determine racial differences in voting waiting times.

Comparing location data for 10 million smartphones with 93,000 polling stations in the US, the researchers found that those in predominantly black neighborhoods expected 29 percent more than those who lived in mostly white areas.

The study was conducted by a team of business, economics and administration experts who collectively believe that "equal access to voting is an essential feature of democratic government."

"For wholly white neighborhoods, residents of wholly black neighborhoods waited 29 percent longer to vote and were 74 percent more likely to spend more than 30 minutes at their polling place," the team shared in a study published in Arxiv.

HOW WAS DONE?

The researchers created a map of 93,658 different polling stations used in the US.

They then used smartphone pings that reached almost 200 feet from a selected polling place.

At the end of the collection, there was a sample of over 150,000 voters at 40,000 polling stations.

To determine the race of these neighborhoods, the team searched for US census demographics.

"This disparity holds when comparing predominantly black and white polling stations in the same states and municipalities, and survives several robustness and placebo tests."

"Our results document large racial differences in voting waiting times and demonstrate that geospatial data can be an effective tool for measuring and monitoring these disparities."

To get their results, the researchers used 93,658 different polling locations in the US and converted each location into latitude and longitude coordinates to map the polling points using the Google Maps API and use Microsoft-OpenStreetmaps to a deal with Scientific american.

Smartphone pings were then collected from the region's cell towers, as this technology determines the location of the owner with reasonable accuracy.

The team gathered pings that were nearly 200 feet from a selected polling place during the 2016 US presidential election.

Smartphone pings were then collected from the region's cell towers, as this technology determines the location of the owner with reasonable accuracy. The team gathered pings about 90 meters from a selected polling station during the 2016 US elections.

Smartphone pings were then collected from the region's cell towers, as this technology determines the location of the owner with reasonable accuracy. The team gathered pings about 90 meters from a selected polling station during the 2016 US elections.

However, data were analyzed to determine who was and was not a voter.

At the end of the collection, there was a sample of over 150,000 voters at 40,000 polling stations.

To determine the race of these neighborhoods, the team searched for US census demographics.

For wholly white neighborhoods, residents of entirely black neighborhoods waited 29 percent longer to vote and were 74 percent more likely to spend more than 30 minutes at their polling stations.

For wholly white neighborhoods, residents of entirely black neighborhoods waited 29 percent longer to vote and were 74 percent more likely to spend more than 30 minutes at their polling stations.

And that's when the team found that the mostly black neighborhoods (as well as other non-majority neighborhoods) waited longer.

"The average and average time spent at polling stations is 14 and 19 minutes, respectively, and 18% of individuals spent more than 30 minutes voting," the study says.

"The average wait time ranges from 11 minutes in Massachusetts' sixth congressional district – mostly in Essex County – to 41 minutes in Missouri's fifth congressional district, which contains Kansas City."

Still, the smartphone method doesn't answer a key question: “What you don't tell us is why. What is going on here? Rice University political scientist Robert Stein, who did not participate in the new research, told Scientific America.

I would like to use it as a basis for further observational studies. You know, you just can't get it off the phone.

However, the study's researchers believe their findings can be used for a greater good.

Smartphone pings were collected from cell phone towers in the region. At the end of the collection, there was a sample of over 150,000 voters at 40,000 polling stations.

Smartphone pings were collected from cell phone towers in the region. At the end of the collection, there was a sample of over 150,000 voters at 40,000 polling stations.

Exploring the recent advent of large geospatial data sets, we provided new estimates across the country for voter waiting times during the 2016 US presidential elections, according to the newspaper.

"We found substantial and significant evidence of racial disparities in voter wait times and we detailed that geospatial data can robustly estimate these disparities."

"This provides policymakers with an easily available and repeatable tool for diagnosing and monitoring progress towards reducing these disparities."

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