Swedish activist Greta Thunberg, 16, and 15 other young activists from various countries have filed a UN complaint against five countries – including Brazil – for not doing enough to stop global warming.
The lack of appropriate actions, according to the group, constitutes a violation of children's rights. They accuse Germany, France, Brazil, Argentina and Turkey of not fulfilling their obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child, signed 30 years ago.
The complaint, submitted to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, requires countries to take measures to protect children from the devastating impacts of climate change.
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"World leaders have not kept their promises. They have promised to protect our rights and have not done so," said Thunberg.
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Also part of the group – with young people from 8 to 17 years old – Brazilian Catarina Lorenzo. She lives in Salvador and, according to the group's profile, she says she is concerned about extreme temperatures and changing weather patterns, and asks all world leaders to respect the limits of planet Earth.
"We will not allow them to take our future. They had the right to have their future. Why do we not have the right to have ours?" Said Catarina Lorenzo.
The complaint was announced to the press at the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) headquarters in New York. On Twitter, Greta Thunberg also reported the group's complaint and, after mentioning Germany, France, Brazil, Argentina and Turkey, said "these 5 countries are the largest issuers that have ratified the convention (United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child" ) ".
Today at 11:30 I and 15 other children from around the world filed a legal complaint against 5 nations over the climate crisis through the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
These 5 nations are the largest issuers that have ratified the convention.https://t.co/ZSyDMTYFSF
The Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted in November 1989, is an international human rights treaty that defines the civil, economic, social, political and cultural rights of children – without discrimination of any kind. According to UNICEF, it is the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history.
The UN said the group's complaint was filed under the so-called Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, a mechanism that allows children or adults on their behalf to appeal directly to the United Nations for help if a country that has ratified it. the Protocol does not provide a remedy for a violation of rights.
Complaints of this kind are judged by the Committee on the Rights of the Child, which is a group of independent experts, according to UNICEF.
Climate Summit brings together more than 60 country leaders in New York, USA
Greta Thunberg speech
Greta Thunberg spoke at the opening of the Climate Action Summit and said "the world is awakening" to the problem of climate change.
The young Swedish woman received a Nobel Peace Prize nomination after starting an international student strike movement against climate change.
In August last year, she skipped classes on Fridays to sit in front of the Swedish Parliament in Stockholm to demand concrete action by politicians against global warming.
The initially solitary act inspired young people around the world to join the movement, known as "Fridays For Future" – and culminated in a global school strike on March 15, when thousands of students took to the streets to protest, including in Brazil.
She has met Pope Francis, addressed the European Parliament and participated in international events – such as the UN Climate Conference, and the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.
This week Greta Thunberg returned to the news after giving a strong speech at the opening of the Climate Action Summit.
"I shouldn't be here. I should be at my school across the ocean. And you come to us young people to ask for hope. How dare you? You stole my dreams and my childhood with your empty words," he said. .
“People are suffering and they are dying. Our ecosystems are dying. We are experiencing the beginning of a mass extinction. And all you do is talk about money and fairy tales about eternal economic growth. dare you? "
What are the United Nations and its General Assembly?
The United Nations, better known by the acronym UN, emerged in 1945 in search of a goal that its predecessor, the League of Nations, was unable to achieve: preventing war.
"The UN was not created to bring people to paradise but to save humanity from hell," said UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld in 1954.
In seven decades, the institution jumped from 51 to 193 member countries, reached a cost equivalent to nearly $ 40 billion per year and now has more than 130,000 people in its staff, including peacekeeping troops.
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The broadest debate in the organization takes place at the so-called General Assembly, held annually in September. It is the only instance of the six major groups of the organization that includes representatives of all members, usually with the participation of heads of state.
The goal of keeping the peace, even the most relevant within the UN, today shares space with programs and debates focused on the most diverse areas, such as public health, climate, migration, historical heritage, atomic energy, drugs, education, housing and food security.
Its annual conference takes place over 15 days each September at UN headquarters in New York, United States. Within this range, the main session, called the "general debate", lasts four days.